Why search for hidden repeated temporal behaviour patterns? T-pat | 48813

Journal of Neuroscience and Neuropharmacology

Why search for hidden repeated temporal behaviour patterns? T-pattern Analysis (TPA) with THEME

4th Global Experts Meeting on Neuropharmacology

September 14-16, 2016 San Antonio, USA

Magnus S Magnusson

University of Iceland, Iceland

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Neurochem Neuropharm

Abstract :

Behavioral analysis has for long been characterized by the use of standard statistical methods developed in other contexts, that is, for quantitative analysis of particular other phenomena or any quantifiable phenomena. Moreover, often due to lack of tools, the counting of behavioural events and states and the measuring of their frequencies and durations has dominated. There has also been some use of multivariate statistics where clouds of points in n-dimensional (data) space reflect relations between behaviours and/or subjects. Hierarchical Cluster Analyses represent such relations in terms of hierarchies of clusters of clusters, however, generally, like with Factor Analysis, the clusters or factors do not describe patterns that recur in time like, for example, repeated words as patterns of letters (phonemes) and repeated phrases as patterns of words or rituals and routines such as greetings and meetings as patterns of simpler behaviours. Standard statistical methods such as sequential analysis are rarely used and typically imply over-simplifying assumptions that may prevent the detection of even abundant repeated patterns. The T-pattern model with its extensions, called the T-system, and corresponding detection algorithms and software, Theme (for Windows), were developed to make such pattern detection feasible and easily available even if computationally intensive. One reason for searching for complex repeated patterns is the possibility of thereby detecting effects of independent variables easily missed by other methods as research increasingly indicates in a number of areas including pharmacology and neuroscience. TPA with Theme allows the analysis of fairly voluminous data, but also of tiny data (just a few events) due to the particular and intensive use of temporal (discrete real-time) information. The T-pattern model with some of its extensions and corresponding algorithms is outlined together with illustrative applications and results.

Biography :

Magnus S Magnusson is a Research Professor, and did his PhD in 1983 from University of Copenhagen. He is the creator of the T-system model and algorithms implemented in Theme. Focus on real-time organization of behaviour, co-directed a two-year DNA analysis project, and published numerous papers. He was invited for talks at numerous conferences (including AIMS, IFNA, Neurotalk, Proteomics) and universities in Europe, USA and Japan. He was the Deputy Director in 1983- 1988, at the Anthropology Laboratory, Museum of Natural History, Paris. He was repeatedly the invited Professor at Universities of Paris (V, VIII, XIII). Since 1991, he was the Founder and Director of the Human Behaviour Laboratory, University of Iceland. Since 1995, he was in collaboration between 24 universities based on “Magnusson’s analytical model” initiated at the Sorbonne, Paris.