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Emotional and behavioral problems in Swedish preschool children r | 49464

Journal of Neuroscience and Neuropharmacology

Emotional and behavioral problems in Swedish preschool children rated by preschool teachers with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)

7th Global Experts Meeting on NEUROPHARMACOLOGY

July 31-August 02, 2017 | Milan, Italy

Berit M Gustafsson

Link√?¬∂ping University, Sweden

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Neurochem Neuropharm

Abstract :

Background: There is a high risk that young children who show early signs of mental health problems develop symptoms in the same or overlapping areas some years later. The strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) is widely used to screen externalizing and internalizing problems early in life. In Sweden 80-90% of all children aged 1-5 years go to preschool and preschool is thus an appropriate context for finding early signs of mental health problems among children. Methods: This study is part of a longitudinal project to investigate the frequency of emotional and behavioral problems for children between 1-5 years of age in Sweden. The SDQ including the impairment supplement questions were rated by preschool teachers to establish Swedish norms for SDQ in preschool children. Results: The sample involved 815 children with a mean age of 42 months (SD=16, range 13-71 months). 195 children were followed longitudinally for three years. There were significant differences between boys and girls on all subscales except for the emotional subscale. The prevalence of behavioral problems was similar to other that in European countries, except for prosocial behavior, which was rated lower, and conduct problems, rated higher. Swedish children were estimated to have more problems in the preschool setting, scored by preschool teachers. The development of behavior over time differed for the different subscales of SDQ. Conclusions: The teacher version of the SDQ, for 2-4 year-olds, can be used as a screening instrument to identify early signs of emotional distress/behavioral problems in young children. Preschool teachers seem to be able to identify children with problematic behavior with the use of SDQ at an early age. The development of behavior over time differs for the different subscales of SDQ. The Swedish norms for SDQ are to a large extent, similar to findings from other European countries.

Biography :

Email: berit.m.gustafsson@liu.se

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