Abdulla Alalool, AlHashaikeh B, Khamis H, Majdalawi R and Ainawi R
University of Sharjah, UAE
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Primary Health Care
Background: The health impacts of traffic congestion and long driving hours have lately grown to become a principle worldwide driving-related concern. Over the past ten years, the UAE has been titled ├ó┬?┬?The most congested country in the Middle East├ó┬?┬?; and Sharjah, the third largest city in the UAE, is particularly known for its rush-hours; with its residents constantly spending long commuting hours in slow-moving, bumper-to-bumper traffic. Aim: The purpose of this study was to detect the emotional and physical health effects associated with driving in congested traffic, and long driving hours among Sharjah residents. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted, and self-administered questionnaires were distributed aiming to target a total of 450 participants. The sample was chosen based on convenience among Sharjah residents, specifically drivers (>18 years of age) holding a driver├ó┬?┬?s permit. Results: A total of 414 subjects were enrolled. 66.7% felt that they spend way too much time driving, and 86.5% reported suffering from traffic congestion in Sharjah. The average Sharjah resident drives 3 hours and 10 mins per day; significantly higher than the worldwide average of 1 hour and 40 mins per day (p<0.0005). A wide range of health distresses were highlighted in traffic congestion as well as long driving hours. Traffic congestion lead to greater emotional health effects; mostly stress (80.4%), nervousness (74.2%), and aggressiveness (52.2%); whereas long driving hours lead to greater physical health effects; mostly back pain (66.8%), pain in the legs (56.7%), headaches (43.3%), and dizziness (28.8%). Limitation of daily activities among Sharjah residents was the main consequence of repeated exposure to traffic congestion (81.2%), and long driving hours (65.7%). Conclusion: Exposure to traffic congestion and long driving hours resulted in a wide range of physical and emotional health problems; each having its own respective provoking factors.