Quality care and patient safety: Global approaches to medical err | 48561

Primary Health Care: Open Access

ISSN - 2167-1079

Quality care and patient safety: Global approaches to medical error disclosure

Annual Congress & Medicare Expo on Primary Healthcare

April 25-27, 2016 Dubai, UAE

Jawahar Jay Kalra

University of Saskatchewan, Canada

Keynote: Primary Health Care

Abstract :

Disclosure of an adverse event is an important element in managing the consequences of a medical error. We have previously reported the Canadian provincial initiatives encouraging open disclosure of a critical event and have suggested its integration into a ├ó┬?┬?no-fault├ó┬?┬? model. We reviewed and compared the various medical error disclosure initiatives across the globe (USA, Australia, New Zealand, and United Kingdom) to analyze the progress made in this area. In Australia, disclosure policy integrates the disclosure process with risk management analysis towards investigating the critical events. In New Zealand, in any adverse event, patients are rehabilitated and compensated through a no-fault state funded compensation scheme. The United States Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations mandated an open disclosure of any critical event during care to the patient or their families├ó┬?┬?. Effective communication between health care providers, patients and their families throughout the disclosure process is integral in sustaining and developing the physician patient relationship. The Canadian provincial initiatives, though similar in content, remain isolated because of their non-mandatory nature on disclosure. In conclusion, the designing of an error disclosure policy requires integration of various aspects including bioethics, physician-patient communication, quality of care, and team-based care delivery. The complexities of medical error disclosure to patients present ideal opportunities for medical educators to probe how learners are balancing the ethical complexities involved in error disclosure. We suggest that a uniform policy centered on addressing errors in a non-punitive manner and respecting the patient├ó┬?┬?s right to an honest disclosure be implemented.

Biography :

Jawahar Jay Kalra, an educator, researcher, and quality health care advocate, is a Professor of Pathology in the University of Saskatchewan and has served as Head of the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. He is recognized for his many contributions as a clinical scientist, academic leader, and health system administrator. He has been a pioneer in establishing guidelines for thyroid-function testing, quality assurance program and contributed nationally and internationally in the area of total quality management. He has published extensively and is the author of the book “Medical Errors and Patient Safety: Strategies to reduce and disclose medical errors and improve patience safety.”