Deepika Khakha, Ruchika Duggal and Atul Amedkar
AIIMS, New Delhi, India
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Primary Health Care
The aim of the study was to assess and evaluate the effectiveness of planned teaching program on knowledge regarding alcohol use and refusal skills in adolescents in selected schools of Delhi. A pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design, was undertaken on a sample of 98 adolescents in selected schools of Delhi. Planned teaching program on knowledge regarding alcohol use and refusal skills was developed by focused group discussion and given to 4 experts for content validity. Data was collected from adolescents using the structured questionnaire for demographic variables, knowledge questionnaire and standardized drug refusal self efficacy-revised adolescent questionnaire. The subjects were administered PTP on the day of pre-test. Knowledge and refusal skills of adolescents were assessed after one month of intervention. Data was analyzed using paired t-test, two sample t-tests, Kruskal Wallis test and ANOVA. There was a significant increase in mean knowledge score of adolescents before (13.26) and after (20.58) the administration of PTP on knowledge regarding alcohol use and refusal skills. Also, there was significant increase in mean refusal skill score before (96.83) and after (104.73) the administration of PTP on knowledge regarding alcohol use and refusal skills. There was inverse correlation between present age of the subjects and also age at which subjects first learnt about alcohol with knowledge score. Knowledge was significantly high in females, subjects studying in 11th standard, and whose father├ó┬?┬? were graduates, who denied having any friend taking alcohol and who reported having any neighbor taking alcohol. The refusal skills were significantly high in females, subjects who did not have any friend taking alcohol, who received information about alcohol through newspaper and radio or television.