Journal of HIV and AIDS Research

Michael Alumuku

Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Ilorin, Nigeria


  • Editorial   

    Author(s): Michael Alumuku*

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is becoming more widely available around the world. IRIS (immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome) is a typical side effect after starting ART. We present an overview of the clinical and epidemiological aspects of HIV-associated IRIS, as well as current understanding of pathophysiological causes, accessible medication, and prevention methods in this review. The HIV-associated IRIS spectrum is discussed, with a focus on three major pathogenassociated forms: tuberculosis-associated IRIS, cryptococcal IRIS, and Kaposi's sarcoma IRIS. While clinical characteristics and epidemiology are well understood, there are significant gaps in our understanding of pathophysiology, resulting in inadequate treatment and prevention interventions. To reduce IRIS-related morbidity, the timing of ART introduction is crucial. Improved diagnostic techniques and better fo.. View More»

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