Fary Khan and Bhasker Amatya
Abstract This randomised controlled trial assessed the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary (ID) ambulatory rehabilitation program for persons with Spina Bifida (pwSB) in an Australian community cohort. Fifty-four participants were randomized to a treatment group for high intensity (ID) rehabilitation program (with cognitive-behaviour therapy), or a control group comprising usual care (n=27 participants in each group). Assessments were conducted at baseline, and 3-months post-intervention, using validated outcome measures. The findings suggest that, participants in the intervention group at 3-months, significantly improved for primary and secondary outcomes: urinary/bowel dysfunction, cognitive functions, and quality of life. Targeted rehabilitation can improve clinical outcomes in pwSB. Further research is needed for longer-term outcomes related to ‘aging’ and participation restriction.