A Quantitative Survey on the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practi | 45941

Primary Health Care: Open Access

ISSN - 2167-1079


A Quantitative Survey on the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Emergency Contraceptive Pills among Adult Female Students of a Tertiary Institution in Kaduna, Nigeria

Mohammed-Durosinlorun Amina and Krishna Regmi

Emergency contraception is of public health importance for preventing unintended pregnancies.
Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of female students towards emergency contraceptive pills.
Methods: Quantitative cross-sectional survey of 220 fulltime female students of the Kaduna polytechnic, over the age of 18 years, by administering adapted questionnaires randomly.
Results: 14.6% of students had ever heard of ECP, most commonly postin or brand (54.8%) and 4.4% were aware of the correct timing of use. Majority (97.7%) had poor knowledge, poor attitude (80%) and low use (15.2%) of ECP. Bivariate analysis showed religion, “ever had sex” and use of regular contraception were associated with awareness of ECP (p<0.05) but not knowledge scores (p>0.05). Age, class level, religion, marital status, ever had sex, ever had an unintended pregnancy and ever had an abortion were associated with attitude to ECP (p<0.05). While marital status, ever had sex, current number of children, desired number of children, regular use of contraception, and ever had an
abortion were associated with practice/use of ECP (p<0.05). Logistic regression showed religion to be predictor of knowledge of ECP (p<0.05); “ever had sex” in the past as a predictor of attitude of ECP (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Students had poor knowledge of ECP, poor attitude towards ECP and use of ECP was low. Increased uptake of ECP may be achieved using appropriate reproductive health messages emphasizing its benefits through healthcare professionals, teachers and peer educators.