Systematic review of clinicopathological correlations in logopeni | 50465

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

ISSN - 2155-9562

Systematic review of clinicopathological correlations in logopenic progressive aphasia

Joint Event on 19th Global Neuroscience and Neurology Conference and 13th Global Neurologists Meeting on Neurology and Neurosurgery

November 07-08, 2019 | Frankfurt, Germany

Sheng Yuan Kan

University of Edinburgh Medical School, United Kingdom

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Neuro Neurophy

Abstract :

Systematic Review of Clinicopathological correlations in logopenic progressive aphasia: Logopenic aphasia (lvPPA) is characterised by impaired word-retrieval and sentence repetition. It is usually associated with AD pathology, but other pathologies have been reported. The objectives of this study was to estimate the prevalence of different neuropathology in autopsied lvPPA cases and evaluate the performance of new criteria in predicting Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) pathology in lvPPA patients. In this systematic review, we developed search strategies to identify studies which reported clinical cases of lvPPA and neuropathology investigation results. The included studies were analysed for reporting quality, demographics, clinical criteria and pathological diagnosis. Out of 2459 articles screened, 35 studies reported 200 lvPPA patients in total. Reporting quality were good for clinical criteria (100%) and neuropathology (91.4%), moderate for gender, age at onset and duration (60%) and poor for ethnicity (5.7%). The neuropathology findings in lvPPA are 74% AD, 20% Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD-TDP=14%, FTLD-Tau=6%), 2% Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB), 2% Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and 2% others. The positive predictive value of new criteria is 9% higher, but not statistically significant (p>0.05). This study confirmed the prevalence of different neuropathologies among lvPPA patients, with AD pathology being the most prevalent. We also showed that more studies are published using the new criteria and suggested the importance of multimodal diagnostic approach due to the low positive predictive value (77%) of the consensus clinical criteria

Biography :

Sheng Yuan is a final year undergraduate medical student from the University of Edinburgh. He is previously an events coordinator and currently the treasurer for the Edinburgh University Neurological Society. He is interested in neurology/neurosurgery/neuroscience research and very keen to discuss ideas with other like-minded people