SQSTM1/p62 overexpression in mice: Support for a mitochondrial ro | 48464

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

ISSN - 2155-9562

SQSTM1/p62 overexpression in mice: Support for a mitochondrial role in depression, anxiety and cognition associated with Neurodegenerative disease.

4th International Conference and Exhibition on Neurology & Therapeutics

July 27-29, 2015 Rome, Italy

Michael Lamar Seibenhener

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Neurol Neurophysiol

Abstract :

Affective spectrum and anxiety disorders have come to be recognized as the most prevalently diagnosed psychiatric
disorders, as well as, being intimately associated with neurodegenerative disease. Among a suite of potential causes,
changes in mitochondrial energy metabolism and function have been associated with such disorders. Thus, finding proteins
that specifically alter mitochondrial functionality is important to identify molecular targets for drug discovery. The scaffolding
and mitophagy related protein Sequestosome1 (SQSTM1/p62) is a component of all known aggresomes associated with
multiple neurodegenerative diseases. It has also been recognized as playing a role in both basal mitochondrial activity as well
as, degradation of defective mitochondria by mitophagy. We have generated a transgenic mouse overexpressing SQSTM1/p62
specifically in the hippocampal region of the brain and have shown increased mitochondrial energy output and improvement
in transcription factor import into the mitochondrial matrix. These elevated levels of mitochondrial functionality correlate
directly with discernible improvements in mouse behavior patterns related to affective spectrum and anxiety disorders, as
well as, improvements in cognition, spatial learning and long term memory formation. With measurable improvements
in biochemical function and behavioral patterns, SQSTM1/p62 appears to be a prime candidate as a protein that improves
mitochondrial functionality while also improving behaviors related to anxiety and affective spectrum disorders making it a
potential biomarker for mitochondrial related neurodegenerative diseases.

Biography :

Michael Lamar Seibenhener received his Ph.D from Auburn University, USA. He has studied the protein Sequestosome1 for over 20 years and has published
over 30 peer reviewed manuscripts related to his work. Over the past decade, his research has focused on the role that SQSTM1/p62 and related proteins play
in intracellular trafficking and energetics within neuronal cells with special emphasis on Alzheimer’s and Alzheimer’s like neurological defects. His research is
supported by the National Institutes of Health.