Non-missile penetrating head injuries | 49756

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

ISSN - 2155-9562

Non-missile penetrating head injuries

Joint Event on 22nd International Conference on Neurology and Neurophysiology & 23rd International Conference on Neurology and Neurosurgery

April 23-24, 2018 Rome, Italy

Ahmed Saro

Sohag University, Egypt

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Neurol Neurophysiol

Abstract :

Background: Non-missile penetrating brain injuries are rarely seen in the surgical practice and few international literatures reported case reports or small case series and it comprises a small percentage of head trauma cases. There are no unanimous rules to manage such cases as each case should be -ideally- managed individually, however these injuries classified are as a form of severe head injuries. We reported a group of 16 cases of penetrating injuries with different tools and various mechanisms. We reported their epidemiological criteria, mechanism of trauma, complications and their prognosis. Introduction: When a sharp object hits the skull with a high velocity, it causes a penetrating head injury. Although the skull is considered as a rigid box and the non-missile tools have a penetrating power much less than missile injuries, these tools can enter the skull near a natural opening as the thin orbital wall, superior orbital fissure or ethmoid bone. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report the different patients├ó┬?┬? criteria and the method of trauma and the prognosis. Methodology: A retrospective study was done in Neurosurgery Trauma Unit, Sohag University between November 2007 and October 2014. Thirteen patients were reported with different mechanisms of trauma. All patients were clinically tested involving neurological evaluation. Computed tomography brain was done for them at the time of admission. Cautious removal of the penetrating object with local debridement of surrounding tissues including skin, skull, dura mater and brain tissue and watertight closure of the dura mater should be done. Patients were transferred to Intensive care unit (ICU) for 48-72 days. Results: Patients were subjected to operative intervention and they were followed up for 3 years. The Glasgow outcome score was 15 in eleven patients and was 4 in two patients. No reported cases of infection or CSF (Cerebrospinal Fluid) leak. Transient epileptic fits occurred in 4 patients and controlled on anti-epileptic drugs. Conclusions: Penetrating head injuries, although rare, are dangerous and should be cautiously managed and monitored in the ICU. The prognosis depends mainly on severity of the trauma and site of injury, but in general the prognosis is favorable.