New nanoscale fluorescent method for analysis of quality of DNA d | 49089

Oncology & Cancer Case Reports

ISSN - 2471-8556

New nanoscale fluorescent method for analysis of quality of DNA double helix


December 05-07, 2016 Philadelphia, USA

T. G. Giorgadze, I G Khutsishvili, Z. G. Melikishvili, T. B. Khuskivadze, K. I. Sigua and V. G. Bregadze

Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia
Georgian Technical University, Georgia
Ilia Chavchavadze State University, Georgia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Oncol Cancer Case Rep

Abstract :

The goal of this work is using the method of laser - induced fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) of electronic excitation in the donor-acceptor pair of intercalators, (acridine orange as a donor and ethidium bromide as an acceptor), for quantitative analysis of the quality of DNA double helix. The approach allows getting a visual picture of the defects of genetic apparatus of tissue cells, particularly of skin cells in real time and it can be used for diagnosis of skin diseases, also in cosmetology. Transition metal ions such as Cu(II), Cu(I), Ag(I), silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), photo- and thermo effects were used to cause double helix defects in DNA. Concentration of DNA sites, which are applicable for intercalation, after the exposure to Cu(II), Cu(I), Ag(I) ions, AgNPs impact as well as laser irradiation (?» = 457 nm) and temperature, which are applicable for intercalation, were estimated in relative units. The nanoscale FRET method allows estimation of the concentration of double helix areas with high quality stability applicable for intercalation in DNA after it was subjected to stress effect. It gives the opportunity to compare DNA-s of 1) different origin; 2) with various damage degrees; 3) being in various functional state.

Biography :

Tamar Giorgadze is a Scientist at the department of biological systems of physics, Andronikashvili Institute of Physics. She has completed her PhD at the age of 30 years from St. Andrew The First-Called Georgian University of The Patriarchate of Georgia. She is author of 9 scientific publications.