Assessment of awareness on the health risks of cigarette smoking | 49499

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

ISSN - 2155-9562

Assessment of awareness on the health risks of cigarette smoking among Addis Ababa University Students, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

14th World Congress on Neurology and Neurological Disorders

July 17-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Eyob Alebachew Yitayew

Rift Valley University, Ethiopia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Neurol Neurophysiol

Abstract :

Background & Aim: Cigarette smoking is the largest preventable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Current smoking in the United States is positively associated with younger age, lower income, reduced educational achievement and disadvantaged neighborhood environment. This study assessed smokers' awareness about the health risks of cigarette smoking and the benefits of smoking filtered and low-tar cigarettes, and their awareness and interest in trying reduced-risk tobacco products. Methodology: A cross sectional study design was employed among 1093 Addis Ababa University students from January, 2016 to June, 2016. Simple random sampling method was used to select study subjects from each batch proportionally. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS and Epi Info software packages. In addition, respondents were asked about their interest in and perceived ability to stop smoking and about their desire for more information about the health risks of smoking. Results: 65% of the smokers were least knowledgeable about low-tar and filter cigarettes and 55.4% were knowledgeable about the health risks of smoking. The smokers' characteristics most commonly associated with misinformation when those aged 25 years or older, smokers of ultralight cigarettes, smokers who believe they will stop smoking before they experience a serious health problem caused by smoking, smokers who have never used a stop-smoking medication and smokers with a lower education level. Those who believed they would stop smoking in the next year were more knowledgeable about smoking. 77% of respondents reported a desire for additional information from tobacco companies on the health dangers of smoking. Conclusion: The present findings demonstrate that smokers are misinformed about many aspects of the cigarettes they smoke and stop-smoking medications and they want more information about ways to reduce their health risks.

Biography :