A novel therapeutic approach to ameliorate the Parkinsion s and A | 48701

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

ISSN - 2155-9562

A novel therapeutic approach to ameliorate the Parkinsion s and Alzheimer s Disease phenotypes

7th Global Neurologists Annual Meeting on Neuro Surgery and Interventional Radiology

August 22-24, 2016 Vienna, Austria

Harish C Pant

National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke, NIH, USA

Keynote: J Neurol Neurophysiol

Abstract :

The phosphorylation activity is tightly regulated under physiological conditions in the nervous system. Under neuropathological conditions, however, it is deregulated and induces pathology resembling that seen in many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer├ó┬?┬?s, (AD), Parkinsion├ó┬?┬?s (PD) , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). During the course of our studies to understand the molecular and cellular basis of the regulation of the cytoskeleton phosphorylation we identified a neuronal cell cycle like kinase , cyclin dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5), together with its activator p35, as a major kinase regulating the topographic neuronal cytoskeleton phosphorylation. However, it is hyperactivated and caused deregulated by neuronal insults (A-beta, glutamate, oxidative stress, mutations and other). Cdk5 is hyperactivated as a stable complex with p25 (a truncated fragment of p35) and induces hyperphosphorylated tau, synuclein and NFPs as seen in AD, PD and ALS. At autopsy, AD, PD and ALS brains display hyperactive Cdk5 (Cdk5/p25) and have confirmed that Cdk5/p25 induces neuroinflammation, tau and NF hyperphorylation along with cell death. A p25-overexpressing (P25Tg) AD model mouse displays the typical AD phenotypes. Accordingly, hyperactive Cdk5/p25 has been identified as a possible therapeutic target for these neurodegenerative diseases. All the therapeutic approaches inhibiting activities of kinases have been by interfering with ATP binding domains of the kinases that turned out to be non-specific and highly toxic. To modulate the Cdk5 activity instead of using the analogs of ATP we decided to study the effect of different truncated fragments of p35 on the regulation of Cdk5 activity. We identified a small peptide p5 (24 aa) bind with Cdk5 with higher affinity than p25 and selectively inhibited Cdk5/ p25 hyperactivity in culture, reduced tau, NFP hyperphosphorylation and cell death without toxicity and affecting endogenous Cdk5/p35 activity. The question arose will p5 be non toxic in vivo, in animals as in cell cultures and may prevent the phenotypes of an AD, PD and ALS transgenic mice models? Consistent with the model, we succeeded in showing that pathological and behavioral phenotypes in PD (MPTP) and AD (P25Tg) model mice can be reduced after treatment with modified p5 (TFP5) . We propose that TFP5 is novel therapeutic candidate to prevent PD and AD phenotypes and pathologies.

Biography :

Pant received his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Physics from Agra University, Agra, India. His postdoctoral studies were conducted on the mechanisms of electron and ion transport in model membrane systems at the Department of Biophysics at Michigan State University. He joined the Laboratory of Neurobiology in the NIMH as a senior staff fellow in 1974 with Dr. Ichiji Tasaki where he studied the function of the axonal cytoskeleton in the squid giant axon. In 1979 he moved to the NIAAA extending his studies on the neuronal cytoskeleton and the effects of alcohol on its regulation. Dr. Pant moved to the NINDS, Laboratory of Neurochemistry in 1987 where he is presently chief of the section on Cytoskeleton Regulation. His laboratory is studying the mechanisms of topographic regulation of neuronal cytoskeleton proteins by post-translational modification, including the role of kinase cascades in normal brain and during neurodegeneration.