Opioid Medical Care for Degenerative Joint Disease

Journal of Arthritis

ISSN - 2167-7921

Commentary - (2021) Volume 10, Issue 11

Opioid Medical Care for Degenerative Joint Disease

Sumit Yang*
*Correspondence: Sumit Yang, Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Sao Carlos, Brazil, Email:

Author info »


Osteoarthritis may be a painful condition whose prevalence will increase as the population ages globally. The American Geriatric Society (ACR) defines Osteoarthritis as a “heterogeneous cluster of conditions that cause joint symptoms and signs that are related to defective body part within the underlying bone at the joint margins”. Patients however, get medical attention because of joint pain. Prevalence rates for hip and knee Osteoarthritis rely upon whether or not the diagnosing is formed radio graphically or clinically. Though, pain may be a higher predictor of incapacity than picture taking grade. Thus Osteoarthritis of the hip and knee is a crucial public pathological state, to raise pain medications, i.e., opioids, could have in its management. These may embrace the joint capsule, ligaments and insertions, membrane and subchondral bone, and therefore the tissue layer. The precise pain supply is commonly unclear in some body sections. However, opioid receptors are inflamed in Osteoarthritis tissue layer. The American Geriatric Society (AGS) emphasizes the impact of chronic pain in older adults. They report eighteen of older Americans take analgesics additional usually than weekly, with contractile organ pain a typical cause [1]. The AGS suggests pain consequences are depression, attenuated socialization, poor sleep, poor walk, and accumulated health care use. Mostly patients with chronic opioid medical care could have fewer life threatening risks than the long- term daily use of NSAID and patients shouldn't be burdened with opioid phobia. Degenerative joint disease pointers offer restricted steering on opioid use. The 1995 ACR pointers for hip Osteoarthritis recommend opioids be avoided for long-term use, however short term use could also be useful, while not relevancy primary information [2].

The 1995 ACR knee Osteoarthritis pointers don't discuss opioids directly. The 2000 update of the ACR Osteoarthritis pointers suggests that opioids can be used as a medicine of expedient. The 1998 kingdom pointers on arthritis recommend that relief is insufficient with pair of 0.4 grams of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and 4.0 grams of paracetamol on a daily basis, alternative anti-inflammatories or opioids could also be considered. There are several reasons physicians are reluctant to contemplate opioids. These include: a perception that pain and suffering are an inevitable part of life; a worry of opioid aspect effects, as well as addiction; political and social pressures to manage illicit drug use; and lack of information regarding opioid effectuality in Osteoarthritis. Every of those issues are examined. Pain and suffering are connected, however totally different, parts of the pain expertise. Suffering may be a psychological feature expertise, not just the perception of pain [3]. A synthetic mind-body split was originally projected by Rene Descartes to separate science, the study of the physical world, from the psyche, the exclusive domain of the Church, to permit for human scientific experimentation. Tolerance, the requirement for the next dose of a drug to realize an equivalent medical specialty result, isn't synonymous with addiction. Tolerance seems associated with a modulation in receptor numbers and their binding capability, in response to chronic drug administration. Tolerance happens with several medication, as well as nitrate medical care. Dependence is that the presence of unwelcome effects upon withdrawal, and is additionally not akin to addiction. Withdrawal symptoms for opioids are characterised by accumulated adrenergic upset, and embrace excitability, nervousness, sweating, and diarrhoea. Addiction is abnormal drug seeking behaviour. It's characterised by associate degree temperament to taper a medication. Once an alternate treatment is offered; reports of no relief with non- opioid alternatives; a robust preference for brief acting forms or bolus medications; getting multiple prescriptions from multiple sources; and by the employment of street drugs. Addiction is that the continued used of a drug in spite of negative personal, economic, or social consequences of the drug’s use. Addiction is rare among people United Nations agency really have pain. Osteoarthritis patients stop opioids once their pain is alleviated by alternative means. During a study of opioid use before and once definitive orthopaedic management of hip or knee Osteoarthritis, patients stopped opioids once their pain improved [4].


  1. Altman, R., et al. “Development of criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis: Classification of osteoarthritis of the knee.” Arthritis Rheum. 29.8(1986):1039-1049.
  2. Jordan, J., et al. “Knee pain and knee osteoarthritis severity in self-reported task specific disability: The Johnston county osteoarthritis project.” J Rheumatol. 24.7(1997):1344-1349.
  3. Hochberg, M.C., et al. Guidelines for the medical management of osteoarthritis. Part I. Osteoarthritis of the hip. American college of rheumatology. Arthritis Rheum. 38.11(1995):1535–1540.
  4. Cassel, E.J. “The nature of suffering and the goals of medicine.” New Engl J Med. 306.11(1982):639–645.

Author Info

Sumit Yang*
Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), Sao Carlos, Brazil

Citation: Yang S. “Opioid Medical Care for Degenerative Joint Disease”. J Arthritis, 2021, 10(11), 001

Received: 09-Nov-2021 Published: 30-Nov-2021

Copyright: © 2021 Yang S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.