International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health

ISSN - 1840-4529

Tracheobronchial Aspergillosis

Aspergillosis is that the name was given to a good sort of diseases caused by fungal infections from species of Aspergillus. Aspergillosis occurs in humans, birds, and other animals. Aspergillosis occurs in chronic or acute forms which are clinically very distinct. Most cases of acute aspergillosis occur in people with severely compromised immune systems, e.g. those undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Chronic colonization or infection can cause complications in people with underlying respiratory illnesses, like asthma, CF, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Most commonly, aspergillosis occurs in the form of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA), aspergilloma, or allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA).xSome forms are intertwined; for example, ABPA and simple aspergilloma can progress to CPA. Other, noninvasive manifestations include fungal sinusitis (both allergic in nature and with established fungal balls), otomycosis (ear infection), keratitis (eye infection), and onychomycosis (nail infection). In most instances, these are less severe, and curable with effective antifungal treatment.

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