The lymph system is a series of lymph nodes and vessels that move lymph fluid through the body. Lymph fluids contain infection-fighting white blood cells. Lymph nodes act as filters, capturing and destroying bacteria and viruses
to prevent infection
from spreading. While the lymph system typically protects your body, lymph cells
called lymphocytes can become cancerous. The names for cancers that occur in the lymph system are lymphomas. Lymphomas can affect any portion of the lymphatic system, including: bone marrow, thymus, spleen.
Tonsils, lymph nodes Doctors typically divide lymphomas into two categories: Hodgkin’s lymphoma
and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
(NHL).A number of medical specialists collaborate to treat lymphoma. Hematologists are doctors who specialize in blood, bone marrow, and immune cell disorders. Oncologists treat cancerous tumors. Pathologists may work with these doctors to assist in treatment planning and identify if a particular treatment is working. Lymphoma
treatments depend upon the cancer’s stage. Doctors will “stage” a tumor
to signify how far the cancerous cells
may have spread. A stage 1 tumor
is limited to a few lymph nodes, while a stage 4 tumor
has spread to other organs, such as the lungs or bone marrow.
Relevant Topics in Medical Sciences