International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health

ISSN - 1840-4529

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus may be a disorder during which blood glucose (glucose) levels are abnormally high because the body doesn't produce enough insulin to satisfy its needs. Urination and thirst are increased, and other people may reduce albeit they're not trying to. Diabetes damages the nerves and causes problems with sensation.Inadequate production of insulin (which is formed by the pancreas and lowers blood glucose), or Inadequate sensitivity of cells to the action of insulin.a chronic disease related to abnormally high levels of the sugar glucose within the blood. The two main sorts of diabetes correspond to those two mechanisms and are called insulin dependent (type 1) and non-insulin dependent (type 2) diabetes. In type 1 diabetes there's no insulin or not enough of it. In type 2 diabetes, there's generally enough insulin but the cells upon which it should act aren't normally sensitive to its action. The signs and symptoms of both sorts of diabetes include increased urine output and decreased appetite also as fatigue. Diabetes is diagnosed by blood sugar testing, the glucose tolerance test, and testing of the extent of glycosylated hemoglobin (glycohemoglobin or hemoglobin A1C). The mode of treatment depends on the sort of the diabetes. The major complications of diabetes include dangerously elevated blood glucose ,abnormally low blood glucose thanks to diabetes medications, and disease of the blood vessels which may damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart. The causes of diabetes aren't known. the subsequent risk factors may increase your chance of getting diabetes: Family history of diabetes African-American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian-American race, Pacific Islander or ethnic background Being overweight Physical stress (such as surgery or illness) Use of certain medications, including steroids Injury to the pancreas (such as infection, tumor, surgery or accident) Autoimmune disease

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