Transfusion medicine (or transfusiology) is that the branch of drugs
that encompasses all aspects of the transfusion of blood and blood components including aspects associated with hemovigilance. It includes issues of blood donation, immunohematology, and another laboratory testing for transfusion-transmitted diseases, management
and monitoring of clinical transfusion practices, patient blood management, therapeutic apheresis, stem cell
collections, cellular therapy, and coagulation. Laboratory management
and understanding of state and federal regulations associated with blood products also are an outsized a part of the sector. The donor center is that the facility that collects blood components from screened blood donors, either blood or separate components like plasma or platelets only via apheresis. These blood components are then transported to a central location for processing such as fractionation, testing, and redistribution. The testing includes determining blood groups and testing for infectious diseases. Whole blood is fractionated into red blood cells, platelets, and plasma whilst plasma can be further refined into separate components such as albumin, clotting factor
concentrates, and immunoglobulin.
Relevant Topics in Medical Sciences