Psychological Wellbeing of Elders as a Function of Religious | 46937

Clinical and Experimental Psychology


Psychological Wellbeing of Elders as a Function of Religious Involvement, Spirituality and Personal Meaning in Life

Belay Tefera Kibret, Gerum Tareke

A developmentally salient concern so characteristic of the growing persons in the latter years is psychological well-being. This study attempted to examine the status of this psychological well-being of elders aged 60-89 years and possible existential (religious involvement, spirituality and personal meaning in life) and demographic factors (gender, age and education) affecting this status. Data were collected from 329 elders (162 males and 167 females) in Dessie Town through rating scales. Findings indicated that most elders had moderate and above moderate score on self-esteem and autonomy. Moreover, reasonable number of elders had moderate and high score on depression. There existed a significant difference between males and females in personal meaning in life, autonomy, selfesteem, and depression; males better in psychological well-being. In addition, one-way ANOVA results showed significant differences in autonomy, self-esteem, and depression scores due to differences in educational level. Stepwise regression analysis finally yielded that personal meaning in life, spirituality, and religious involvement together contributed significantly to the variance in autonomy, self-esteem and depression. Personal meaning in life had the highest contribution to the total variance in autonomy, self-esteem and depression. The contribution of spirituality was significant to the variance in autonomy, depression and self- esteem of the elderly. Furthermore, religious involvement was found to make significant contribution to the variance in self-esteem and depression but not autonomy.