Clinical Research: Medication Errors and its Root Cause Anal | 43943

International Journal of Pharmacy Teaching & Practices

ISSN - 1986-8111


Clinical Research: Medication Errors and its Root Cause Analysis in Multispecialty Hospital

Chaital Nikhil Shah, Nilay Solanki

Potential activation of clinical pharmacist role is of great importance in reducing medication errors which are a well-known problem in hospital. The medication error could be prescribing error, dispensing error, transcription error and administering errors Present study was aimed to detect and evaluate the incidence, types of medication errors and to find the root cause analysis of medication errors in the multispecialty hospital, Baroda. Prospective study was carried out from June 2012 to April 2013.Inpatients records of patients from three different departments were reviewed during their stay in hospital. Detected medication errors were documented and evaluated. A total of 300 cases of the patients were selected, among them 38% were male and 62 % were females. 51% of them were in the age group of 40 to 60 years. 117 medication errors were detected in patients. The overall incidence of medication error was found to be 39 %. A total of 117 medication errors were observed, among them Transcription error accounts for 28(24%), Prescription error holds maximum 62 (53%), Dispensation error accounts for 11 (9%) & Administration error holds for 16 (14%). This study concluded that 39 % medication errors were detected during study period and revealed that clinical pharmacist can play a major role in preventing these errors by early detection.