A Novel Mutation in the SCN4A Gene in a Japanese Family with | 46067

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

ISSN - 2155-9562


A Novel Mutation in the SCN4A Gene in a Japanese Family with Paramyotonia Congenita

Satoru Takahashi, Shiho Yamamoto, Ryosuke Tanaka, Akie Okayama, Akiko Araki, Hiroki Kajino and Hiroshi Azuma

Paramyotoniacongenita is an autosomal-dominant muscle disease caused by missense mutations in SCN4A, the
gene enconding the alpha subunit of skeletal muscle sodium channel. It is clinically characterized by paradoxical
myotonia, an attack of muscle stiffness that is aggravated by repeated activity, as well by cold-induced muscle
stiffness. We describe the clinical and genetic features of a Japanese family with Paramyotoniacongenita. Five
members of this family (four generations) were affected. Treatment with mexiletine, an antiarrhythmic drug that
inhibits inward sodium current, relieved their symptoms. We identified a novel SCN4A mutation (c.3470T>A,
p.Ile1157Asn) in the affected individuals. This mutation is located on the cytoplasmic loop connecting the transmembrane
segments S4 and S5 of domain 3 of the sodium channel, the site for docking with its inactivation particle.
This mutation may cause the defective inactivation of the channel. Our observation provides a new insight into the
genotype-phenotype correlation in sodium channel opathies.