Journal of Cellular and Molecular Biology Research

Science Journals Schizophrenia

During adolescence schizophrenia and major depressive disorder (MDD) increasingly emerge. Overlapping symptomatology during first presentation challenges the diagnostic process. Reduced sleep spindle density (SSD) was suggested as a biomarker in adults, discerning patients with schizophrenia from patients with depression or healthy controls (HC). We aimed to compare SSD in early-onset schizophrenia (EOS), with MDD, and HC, and to analyse  associations of SSD with symptomatology and neurocognitive measures. Abnormal sleep oscillations have recently been proposed as endophenotypes of schizophrenia. However, optimization of methodological approaches is still necessary to standardize analyses of their microstructural characteristics. Additionally, some relevant features of these oscillations remain unexplored in pathological conditions. Among others, slow wave traveling is a promising proxy for diurnal processes of brain connectivity and excitability. The study of slow oscillations propagation appears particularly relevant when schizophrenia is conceptualized as a dys-connectivity syndrome.
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