Increased Blood pressure (BP) is observed in patients with impaired baroreflexes after water drinking. The stimulus for this effect is low blood osmolality, and it has been termed the osmopressor response
(OPR). The BP increase is associated with activation of the sympathetic nervous system and a requirement for transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels. However, the mechanisms underlying the OPR are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that hypotonicity is sensed in the portal area to initiate the OPR. Sino-aortic denervated mice were used and BP was monitored for 30 min after fluid infusion while mice were under anesthesia.
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