Journal of Cellular and Molecular Biology Research

Motor Disorders Innovations

Motor disorders are characterized by impaired voluntary movement, the presence of involuntary movements, or both. There could also be impaired targeting and velocity of intended movements, abnormal involuntary movements, abnormal postures, or excessive movements that appear normal at inappropriate or unintended times. Movement disorders in children include athetosis, chorea, dystonia, myoclonus, parkinsonism, stereotypies, tics, and tremor (Carducci and Fernandez-Alvarez, 2007; Singer et al., 2016). Movement disorders could also be amid weakness, spasticity, hypotonia, ataxia, apraxia, and other motor deficits, although many authors don't include these accompanying deficits. Ataxia may be a motor disorder affecting the brain, brainstem or medulla spinalis . this will end in clumsiness, inaccuracy, instability, imbalance, tremor or a scarcity of coordination while performing voluntary movements. Movements aren't smooth and should appear disjointed or jerky. Patients may subside frequently thanks to an unsteady gait. Ataxia can also affect speech and movement of the eyes. If a disorder are often identified because the underlying cause, specific treatment could also be available in select cases. The cornerstone of treatment for ataxia of parkinsonism (or parkinsonism of any cause) is that the use of oral L-DOPA. Other medications wont to treat ataxia related to parkinsonism (or parkinsonism of any cause) include anticholinergics, dopamine agonists, amantadine, selegiline and entacapone. In children with ataxia, generally only anticholinergics are prescribed.

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