Journal of Biology and Today's World

ISSN - 2322-3308

Geometric Patterns

Architects use geometry to study and divide space as well as draft detailed building plans. Builders and engineers rely on geometric principles to create structures safely. Designers apply geometry (along with color and scale) to make the aesthetically pleasing spaces inside. Applying geometry in design is unavoidable. Pattern can be found everywhere in nature: tree branches, snowflakes, zebra stripes, nautilus shells. We’ve been studying these natural patterns since ancient times, and only recently have we really been able to explain them with mathematics, physics, and chemistry. Perhaps it’s this mystery and complexity that draws us to geometric patterns in the first place.The most commonly-found natural patterns are: Symmetry – the near-repetition of a pattern element by reflection or rotation. Spirals – a continuous and gradually widening (or tightening) curve around a central point. Fractals – similar patterns recurring at progressively smaller scales Tessellations – patterns formed by repeating tiles on a flat surface Research shows that views of nature have an impact on our psychology and physiology. Likewise, natural elements and even representations of them using Biomorphic Forms & Patterns create spaces that are “comfortable [and] captivating. Connecting to nature in this way allows us to draw on geometric design patterns for inspiration. Avoiding right angles and straight lines for more organic movement within a space or using the Fibonacci series to create proportion are two examples of applied geometry in design. From large, 3-dimensional structures that evoke honeycombs to cosmetic details that mimic vine growth, Biomorphic Forms & Patterns bring nature to life and reduce stress within our environment. And, it works at a large or small scale.
High Impact List of Articles

Relevant Topics in Medical Sciences