or forensic odontology
is the application of dental knowledge to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice
system. Forensic dentists are involved in assisting investigative agencies to identify recovered human remains in addition to the identification of whole or fragmented bodies; forensic dentists may also be asked to assist in determining age, race, occupation, previous dental history
and socioeconomic status of unidentified human beings.
is the proper handling
, examination and evaluation of dental evidence, which will be then presented in the interest of justice. The evidence that may be derived from teeth is the age (in children) and identification of the person to whom the teeth belong. This is done using dental records including radiographs, ante-mortem (prior to death) and post-mortem (after death) photographs and DNA. "Forensic odontology" is derived from Latin, meaning a forum or where legal matters are discussed.
The other type of evidence is that of bite marks, left on either the victim (by the attacker), the perpetrator (from the victim of an attack), or on an object found at the crime scene. Bite marks are often found on children who are abused.
In India, certificate courses offered include a modular course by D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, and some other private entities. The Indian Dental Association offers a fellowship program in FO which can be either classroom program or online program. Master degree programs in different forensic disciplines along with M.Sc. FO are offered by Gujarat Forensic Sciences University which is the world’s only university dedicated to forensic sciences. It is a 2 year full time course offered at the university’s campus at Gandhinagar.
Relevant Topics in Medical Sciences