Biopolymers are natural polymers
produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules
derived from cellular or extracellular matter. Biopolymers
contain monomeric units that are covalently bonded to form larger structures. Polyactides are commonly used as surgical implants. Starch based biopolymers can be used for creating conventional plastic by extruding and injection molding.Biopolymers based on synthetic are used to manufacture substrate mats. Cellulose based Biopolymers, such as cellophane, are used as a packaging material. Examples of biopolymers are proteins, carbs, lipids, peptides
and polysaccharides (such as glycogen, starch and cellulose). There are primarily two types of Biopolymer, one that is obtained from living organisms and another that is produced from renewable resources but require polymerization. The advantages of synthetic biopolymers include the potential to create a sustainable industry as well as enhancement in various properties such as durability, flexibility, high gloss, clarity, and tensile strength.
Relevant Topics in Medical Sciences