A Study on Melanoma and other Skin Cancer

European Journal of Clinical Oncology

ISSN - 2732-2654

Editorial - (2021) Volume 3, Issue 3

A Study on Melanoma and other Skin Cancer

Ravi Kaushik*
*Correspondence: Ravi Kaushik, Department of Physiology, Delhi University, Delhi, India, Email:

Author info »

Editorial Note

Melanoma could be a cancer that begins within the melanocytes. Different names for this cancer embrace skin cancer, melanoma, skin cancer and body covering melanoma. Most malignant melanoma cells still create pigments, thus malignant melanoma tumors square measure sometimes brown or black. However some melanomas don't create pigment and may seem pink, tan, or perhaps white. Exposure to sun causes most of the wrinkles and age spots on our faces. Individuals suppose a glowing complexion suggests that physiological state. However color obtained from being within the sun will truly speed up the results of aging and increase the chance of developing carcinoma [1].

Sun exposure causes most of the skin changes that we predict of as a standard a part of aging. Over time, the sun's ultraviolet (UV) light-weight damages the fibers within the skin referred to sclera protein. Once these fibers break down, the skin begins to sag, stretch and lose its ability to travel back to place once stretching. The skin conjointly bruises and tears additional simply additionally to taking longer to heal. Thus whereas sun harm to the skin might not be apparent once you are young, it'll positively show later in life. The sun may also cause problems for your eyes, eyelids and also the skin round the eyes.

Changes within the skin associated with sun exposure: metastatic tumor (actinic keratosis) and cancerous (basal cell cancer, epithelial cell cancer and melanoma) skin lesions caused by loss of the skin's immune perform, Benign tumors, Fine and coarse wrinkles, Freckles discolored areas of the skin, referred to as patterned pigmentation and skin color, yellow discoloration of the skin, Telangiectasia’s the dilation of tiny blood vessels beneath the skin Elastosis, the destruction of the connective tissue inflicting lines and wrinkles. Carcinoma is that the common type of cancer and also the variety of cases continues to rise. It’s the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. Whereas healthy cells grow associated divide in an orderly approach, cancer cells grow and divide in an exceedingly fast, haphazard manner. This rise leads to growth that square measure either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). There square measure 3 main varieties of skin cancer, Basal cell cancer, epithelial cell cancer, Melanoma, Basal cell and epithelial cell cancers square measure less serious sorts and compose ninety fifth of all skin cancers. Conjointly brought up as non-melanoma skin cancers, they're extremely curable once treated early [2].

Melanoma, created from abnormal skin pigment cells referred to as melanocytes, is that the most serious type of carcinoma and causes seventy fifth of all carcinoma deaths. It will unfold to different organs and is troublesome to regulate. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is that the desired reason behind carcinoma, however UV, ultraviolet, ultraviolet radiation, ultraviolet light-weight, ultraviolet illumination, UV actinic radiation, actinic ray, light from tanning beds is simply as harmful. Exposure to daylight throughout the winter months puts you at constant risk as exposure throughout the season. Additive sun exposure causes primarily basal cell and epithelial cell carcinoma, whereas episodes of severe blistering sunburns, sometimes before age eighteen, will cause malignant melanoma later in life. Different less common causes square measure recurrent X-ray exposure, scars from burns or sickness and activity exposure to sure chemicals. Ultraviolet (UVA) and Ultraviolet B (UVB) rays conjointly have an effect on the eyes and also the skin round the eyes. Sun exposure might cause cataracts, cancer of the eyelids, and probably degeneration [3].

Although anyone will get carcinoma, the chance is greatest in those that have truthful or patterned skin that burns simply, light-weight eyes and blond or red hair. Darker-skinned people are at risk of all sorts of carcinoma, though their risk is lower. Additionally to complexion, different risk factors embrace having a case history or personal history of carcinoma, having an out of doors job, and living in an exceedingly sunny climate. A history of severe sunburns associated an abundance of enormous and on an irregular basis formed moles square measure risk factors distinctive to malignant melanoma.


  1. Reich, A., et al. “The incidence and clinical analysis of non-melanoma skin cancer.” Sci Rep. 11.1(2020):1-10.
  2. Gellrich, F.F., et al. “Combining CNN-based histologic whole slide image analysis and patient data to improve skin cancer classification.” Eur J Cancer. 149.1(2021):94-101.
  3. Rouette, J., et al. “Use of hydrochlorothiazide and risk of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer.” Drug Saf. 44.2(2021):245-254.

Author Info

Ravi Kaushik*
Department of Physiology, Delhi University, Delhi, India

Citation: Kaushik R. A Study on Melanoma and other Skin Cancer. Eur J Clin Oncol, 2021, 3(3), e001.

Received: 09-Aug-2021 Published: 30-Aug-2021

Copyright: © 2021 Kaushik R. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.