Background: Nowadays, the study of neurological infrastructure of personality traits has a special place in neuropsychological research. According to Eysenck, the correlation between personality and behavior is the result of individual differences in the brain function. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the frontal EEG asymmetry according to neuroticism and extraversion dimensions.
Methods: The statistical population of the present study was all male students of Payame Noor University of Tehran, who studied in the academic year of 2017-2018. Based on the final scores of distribution in two dimensions of extraversion and neuroticism, four groups (extroverts, introverts, neuroticism and emotional stability) with 25 subjects were selected. The subjects completed the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire- Revised, Waterloo Handedness and footedness Questionnaires-Revised, and their eyedness was assessed, then the electrical activity of the subjects’ brain was recorded through EEG from different points on the scalp.
Findings: The findings of the study show that there is no significant difference between the four groups in the right frontopolar (FP2), right middle frontal (F4), right lateral frontal (F8) and right frontal cortex (RF) in alpha activity. There is a significant difference between the left frontopolar (FP1), left middle frontal (F3), left lateral frontal (F7) and left frontal cortex (LF) between the four groups (P <0.01); as alpha wave activity on left regions in neurotic and introverted individuals is more than emotional stable and extroverted subjects.
Based on the fact that, the result of this research is limited to studying frontal electroencephalographic asymmetry, it was limited to comparing electrical activity of the brain. It is recommended that, future research study the relationship between asymmetry of the other lobes of the brain and personality traits with tools like PET scan.
Conclusion: In general, the findings of the present study strengthen the relationship between personality dimensions and frontal EEG asymmetry.