Racial Disparity in Stroke Awareness in the US: An Analysis | 46534

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

ISSN - 2155-9562


Racial Disparity in Stroke Awareness in the US: An Analysis of the 2014 National Health Interview Survey

Nwakile Ojike, Seixas Azizi, Alina Masters-Israilov, April Rogers, Joe Ravenell, Girardin Jean-Louis, Gbenga Ogedegbe and Samy I McFarlane

Background/Aims: Stroke is a leading cause of premature death and disability, and increasing the proportion of individuals who are aware of stroke symptoms is a target objective of the Healthy people 2020 project.
Methods: We used data from the 2014 Supplement of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) to assess the prevalence of stroke symptom knowledge and awareness. We also tested, using a logistic regression model, the hypothesis that individuals who have knowledge of all 5 stroke symptoms will be have a greater likelihood to activate Emergency Medical Services (EMS) if a stroke is suspected.
Results: From the 36,697 participants completing the survey 51% were female. In the entire sample, the ageadjusted awareness rate of stroke symptoms/calling 911 was 66.1%. Knowledge of the 5 stroke symptoms plus importance of calling 911 when a stroke is suspected was higher for females, Whites, and individuals with health insurance. Stroke awareness was lowest for Hispanics, Blacks, and survey participants from Western US region
Conclusion: The findings allude to continuing differences in the knowledge of stroke symptoms across race/ ethnic and other demographic groups. Further research will confirm the importance of increased health literacy for Stroke management and prevention in minority communities.